Types of narration. Author’s narrative dialogue


A work of creative prose is never homogenous as to the form and essence of the information it carries. Both very much depend on the view point of the addresses? As the author and his personage: may offer different angles of perception of the same object.

Naturally it is the author who organize this effect of polyphony, but we, the readers, while reading the text, identify various views with various personages, not attributing them directly to the writer. The latter’s views and emotions are most explicitly expressed in the author’s speech (or the author’s narrative). The unfolding of the plot is mainly concentrated here personages are given characteristics, the time and place of actions are also described here as author sees them.

The author’s narrative supplies the reader with direct information about the author’s preferences and objections, beliefs and contradictions, i. e. serves the major source of shaping up the author’s image.  The writer himself thus hides behind the figure of the narrator presents all the events of the story from the latter’s view point and only sporadically emerges in the narrative with his own considerations which may reinforce or contradict those expressed by the narrator. This form of the author’s speech is called entrusted speech.

Entrusted narrative can be carried out in the 1st person singular from his own name. Entrusted narrative may also be anonymous. The narrator does not openly claim responsibility for the views and evolution but the manner of presentation, the angle of the description very strongly suggest that the story is told not by the author himself but by some of his factotums.

The narrative, both the author’s and the entrusted is not the only type of narration observed in creative prose. A very important place here is occupied by dialogue, where personage express their  minds in the form of uttered speech. In their exchange of remarks the participants of the dialogue while discussing other people and their actions expose themselves too.

So dialogue is one of the most significant forms of the personage’s self-characterization, which allows the author to seemingly eliminate himself from the process.

Author form, which obtained a position of utmost significant in contemporary prose is interior speech of the personage, which allows the author  (and the reader) to peep into the inner world of the character, to observe his ideas in the making.

Represented speech serves to show either the mental reproduction of a once uttered thinking remark of the character.



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