«Практическая грамматика английского языка»
Урок № 3: Present continuous and present simple (часть 1)
«I am doing and I do»:

Часть № 1:

Изучите объяснения и сравнить примеры:

Present continuous (I am doing)

Используйте продолженное время для того, что происходит на момент разговора.

Действие не завершено.

I am doing (now)

Present simple (I do)

Используйте простое время для вещей в целом или вещей которые повторяются.

I do

1. The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?

2. Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?

3. Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now.

4. ‘Don’t disturb me. I’m busy.’ ‘Why? What are you doing?’

5. I’m going to bed now. Goodnight!

6. Maria is in Britain at the moment. She’s learning English.

1. Water boils at 100 degrees celsius.

2. Excuse me, do you speak English?

3. It doesn’t rain very much in summer.

4. What do you usually do at weekends?

5. What do you do? (= What’s your job?)

6. I always go to bed before midnight.

7. Most people learn to swim when they are children.

Используйте продолженное время для временных ситуаций:

Используйте простое время для постоянных ситуаций:

1. I’m living with some friends until I find a flat.

2. ‘You’re working hard today.’ ‘Yes, I’ve got a lot to do.’

1. My parents live in London. They have lived there all their lives.

2. John isn’t lazy. He works very hard most of the time.

Часть № 2:

I always do и I’m always doing:

Обычно мы говорим ‘I always do something’ (= I do it every time):

I always go to work by car. (not ‘I’m always going’)

На работу я всегда езжу на машине.

Вы также можете сказать ‘I’m always doing something’, но здесь уже другой смысл.

Например:

I’ve lost my key again. I’m always losing things.

‘I’m always losing things’

Не обозначает что я теряю вещи постоянно. Это значит, что я теряю вещи очень часто, чаще чем обычно.

‘You’re always ~ing’

Значит что вы делаете что-то слишком часто.

You’re always watching television. You should do something more active.

Вечно ты смотришь телевизор. Тебе стоит сделать что-то более активное.

John is never satisfied. He’s always complaining.

Джон вечно недоволен. Он постоянно жалуется.

Упражнения к Уроку:

Упражнение 3.1:

Задание:

Являются ли подчеркнутые глаголы правильными или неправильными? Исправьте глаголы, которые являются неправильными.

Пример:

— Water Boils At 100 degrees celsius. ПРАВИЛЬНО

— The water Boils. Can you turn it off?...

НЕПРАВИЛЬНО: is boilling

1. Look! That man Tries To open the door of your car. ………………..

2. Can you hear those people? What Do They Talk About? ………………..

3. The moon Goes Round the earth. ………………..

4. I must go now. It Gets late. ………………..

5. I usually Go to work by car. ………………..

6. ‘Hurry up! It’s time to leave.’ ‘OK, I Come.’ ………………..

7. I hear you’ve got a new job. How Do you Get on? ………………..

Упражнение 3.2:

Задание:

Поставьте глагол в правильную форму.

Пример:

— Let’s go out. It isn’t raining (not, rain) now.

— Julia is very good at languages. She speaks (speak) four languages very well.

1. Hurry up! Everybody……………….. (wait) for you.

2. ‘……………….. (you/listen) to the radio?’ ‘No, you can turn it off.’

3. ‘……………….. (you/listen) to the radio every day?’ ‘No, just occasionally.’

4. The River Nile……………….. (flow) into the Mediterranean.

5. Look at the river. It……………….. (flow) very fast today — much faster than usual.

6. We usually……………….. (grow) vegetables in our garden but this year we……………….. (not/grow) any.

7. ‘How is your English?’ ‘Not bad. It……………….. (improve) slowly.’

8. Ron is in London at the moment. He……………….. (stay) at the Park Hotel. He……………….. (always/stay) there when he’s in London.

9. Can we stop walking soon? I……………….. (start) to feel tired.

10. ‘Can you drive?’ ‘I……………….. (learn). My father. ………………. (teach) me.’

11. Normally I……………….. (finish) work at 5.00, but this week I……………….. (work) until 6.00 to earn a bit more money.

12. My parents……………….. (live) in Bristol. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where……………….. (your parents/live)?

13. Sonia……………….. (look) for a place to live. She……………….. (stay) with her sister until she finds somewhere.

14. ‘What……………….. (your father/do)?’ ‘He’s an architect but he……………….. (not/work) at the moment.’

15. (at a party) Usually I……………….. (enjoy) parties but I……………….. (not/enjoy) this one very much.

16. The train is never late. It……………….. (always/leave) on time.

17. Jim is very untidy. He……………….. (always/leave) his things all over the place.

Упражнение 3.3:

Задание:

Закончите предложения Билла. Всегда используйте ~ ING

Пример:

— Anna: I’m afraid I’ve lost my key again.

— Bill: Not again! You’re always losing your key.

1. Anna: The car has broken down again.

Bill: That car is useless! It………………..

2. Anna: Look! You’ve made the same mistake again.

Bill: Oh no, not again! I………………..

3. Anna: Oh, I’ve left the lights on again.

Bill: Typical! You………………..



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English grammar in use 2-е издание. Реймонд Мерфи. Урок № 3 Present continuous and present simple (часть 1) «I am doing and I do»