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Grammatical changes in the Middle English period

Noun. The category of gender was lost; and the loss was total, with no remnants in any of the nominal parts of speech. The category of number was preserved; it had grounds. Due to the reduction of the unstressed vowels


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Periods of the English history

According to English scientists Henry Sweet classified this periods are connected with the development of English endings. Henry Sweet classified them as 1.    The Period of Full Endings ,

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Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms and their types

Synonyms are words different in their outer aspects, but identical or similar in their inner aspects. In English there are a lot of synonyms, because there are many borrowings. There are some absolute synonyms in the language,

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Semantic change

There are many causes of semantic change: 1) Historical causes. According to historical principle, everything develops changes, social institutions change in the course of time,

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Modern English Word formation

Word formation is a branch of science of the language which studies the patterns on which a language forms new lexical items (new unities, new words). Word formation is a process of forming words by combining

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Latin borrowings

Latin, being the language of the Roman Empire, had already influenced the language of the Germanic tribes even before they set foot in Britain. Latin loanwords reflected the superior material culture of the Roman Empire, which had spread across Europe:

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Grammatical classes of words

The words of language, depending on various formal and semantic features, are divided into grammatically relevant sets or classes. The traditional grammatical classes or words are called «parts of speech». Words on the upper level of classification are divided into notional and functional.

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Lexicography

Lexicography is the study of the meaning, evolution, and function of the vocabulary units of a language for the purpose of compilation in book form-in short, the process of dictionary making. An encyclopedic dictionary typically includes a large number of short listings,

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Classification of functional styles, belles-lettres style

A functional style of language is a system of interrelated language means which serves a definite aim in communication. In the English literary standard Galperin distinguishes the following

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Phonetic Expressive Means and Stylistic Devices

The theory of sense — independence of separate sounds is based on a subjective interpretation of sound associations and has nothing to do with objective scientific data. However, the sound of a word, or more exactly the way words